The Romans in Britain site main banner

Check out some great books and help the site! I have chosen these books as among the best to illustrate this subject.


Romans in Britain site menu header



KultOfAthena.com
button for Romans in Britain home page
button for Romans in Britain Site map page
button for Romans in Britain Aspects of Roman Life Area
button for Romans in Britain Roman Cooking area
button for Romans in Britain Roman Recipes area
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Calendar page
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Currency page
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Measurements page
button for Romans in Britain, Latin Language page
button for Romans in Britain, From a Boy to a Man
button for Romans in Britain, Death as a Roman page
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Medical Matters page
button for Romans in Britain, a Roman Day page
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Country Estate page
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Slavery page
button for Romans in Britain, Civilised and Savage page
button for Romans in Britain, Vindolandia Tablets page
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Marriage page
button for Romans in Britain, types of Marriage page
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Marriage Laws page
button for Romans in Britain Leisure Activities area
button for Romans in Britain, The Amphitheatre
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Dinner Party
button for Romans in Britain, Roman Religion area
button for Romans in Britain Christianity and the Romans page
button for Romans in Britain: The Roman Upper Class Woman
button for Romans in Britain: The Roman Working Woman Page
button for Romans in Britain Punishment of Wives page
button for Romans in Britain Glossary of Roman terms area
button for Romans in Britain Bookstore
button for Romans in Britain Links page
Add YOUR link button on Romans in Britain website
About Site button on Romans in Britain website
15 most-viewed pages button on Romans in Britain website
Please give us your feedback
Do you want to quote this site?

Add our Button link:


KultOfAthena.com


Visit Soul of the Warrior!


The Theatre

Introduction

The theatre and the amphitheatre were somewhat similar in appearance, but were two completely different entities in their use.

The amphitheatre was the centre for Roman blood sports involving gladiators, animals and boxing matches. The theatre was essentially a centre of cultural and family entertainment, though both establishments were used for more general non violent pastimes.

Apart from entertainment, the theatre was also used for public speaking by officials and politicians when they had something to say that was of importance to the community. They may have been announcing a new building programme, water works or giving details of laws and edicts.

The theatre was laid out very much the same as the amphitheatre. In place of the amphitheatre's arena the latter was the orchestra pit. The stage was rectangular, raised, with dressing areas for the actors and workshops behind. There would be backdrops that were raised and lowered depending on the current scene. The seating was arranged in circular tiers on three sides of the stage.

Funding the theatre and events

The theatre was intended as a universal meeting place for everyone n the town regardless of status. The town's folk build the theatre using materials and skill they supplied themselves and funding for the upkeep and events was supplied by local businessmen and the council. So in one way, the inhabitants of the town did help pay for the theatre through their taxes. Likewise acts and performance costs were met from the same source.

The acts and shows

Ancient Roman actorsWith such a mild environment in terms of the type of show staged, the theatre was generally suitable for all the family As such the dreaded pantomime that we have to take our children to see is not new. They were around in Roman times, but not quite in the same format.

Apart from pantomimes, there were plays, both humourous as well as serious and satiric. The content was controlled to a certain extent as it was not acceptable to make any play that made a mockery or was a parody of Roman government in any form. This was considered treasonable and punishable by death.

The acts were varied in their content. To emphasise the characters, the cast would wear costumes portraying the characters and masks to give image and mood to the individual being portrayed. It was not easy to see an actor's expression from the back of the seating, so the players would don different masks throughout the performance to show emotions such as fear, jollity, sadness etc.

The vast majority of the actors belonged to travelling companies that toured Britain. They were basically a group of people who lived in caravans and took their shows around the country to main and rural theatres.

Even today, a show starts with a warm up act. In Roman times, they knew the value of getting the audience in the relaxed frame of mind. An actor would come onto the stage and do a comical routine using interaction with the audience and topical issues of the day.

Ancient Roman Ccomedy actorsThen next part would probably be a pantomime. These were more serious than we know them today, and many took stories from mythology as their theme. Even so, they contained music and dance to liven up the story.

The story telling of the period was a bit basic with many plays not having a definite conclusion. If the characters were in a hopeless situation at the end of the play, then an angel or a god would appear and wave a wand that solved all their problems. For some dramatic tension, the author would sometimes make the act of waving the wand kill all the characters in the play. This sort of ending was known in Latin as Deus ex Machina, or 'God from the machine'.

Next may be a mime act where masks were used to portray emotions to emphasise the actions of the mime artists. This would be in a lighter vein to bring the audience back from the, often serious, theme of the pantomime.

Then would come the main play. This could be anything from a comedy to a thought provoking look at life. Most plays were taken from history. As the Roman Empire grew, so subjects and stories used in these plays became more versatile.

When it was all over, the whole cast would appear on stage and take their bow. If the show had been a good one, there would be cheering and clapping from the audience. This was generally the case, as the shows were free anyway.

Visit our friends at:


For more information and material on the Romans, try Amazon.com. We are an Amazon.com Associate and get a small percentage from each order through us

Amazon.com logo

Search the site (and our friend's websites ) for great Roman information
Custom Search



Romans in Britain

www.romanobritain.org

©MMDCCLXVII A.U.C.

Romans in Britainfooter art
(©2011-2017)
Please just ASK before using anything on this site -- like we'd say "no"...


This page last updated:


Layout and Design:

Copyright © 2016 Pace Computing, All Rights Reserved
Powered by Pace Computing