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Glossary of military terms - H

A B C D E F G H I J KL M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Halysidootos

Mail coat.

Harpago

Harpoon.

Hasta

Spear.

Hasta amentata

Thonged javelin.

Hasta pura

Spear without iron tip used as a military decoration.

Hasta velitaris

Light throwing spear with soft iron tip.

Hastarius

Spearman.

Hastatus

'Spearman'. legionary heavy infantryman.

Hastatus posterior

Deputy to hastatus prior.

Hastatus prior

Centurion commanding a manipulus  of hastati .

Hastile

A - wooden practice spear.
B - staff of the optio centuriae .

Hastiliarius

Weapons instructor.

Hastula

Small spear.

Hègemoon

Commander.

Hekatontarchès

'Commander of hundred'. Greek term for centurio .

Hekatontarchès lonchophoroon

'Centurion of the spearmen'. commander of elite legionary lonchophoroi  or lancearii .

Hekatontarchia

'Unit of hundred'. Greek term for centuria .

Helepolis

Siege tower.

Hemistrigium

Barracks buiding housing a centuria .

Herculiani

'Hercules's own'. tetrarchic elite legion.

Hiberna

Winter quarters.

Hippago

Horse transport.

Hipparchos

Cavalry commander.

Hippeus

Cavalryman.

Hippeus lègionarios

Legionary cavalryman.

Hippeus singoularis

Guard cavalryman.

Hippeus tès legioonos

Legionary horseman.

Hippika gymnasia

'Cavalry sports'. spectacular demonstration manoeuvres in which two teams of cavalrymen showed off their horsemanship and weapons skills.

Hippikon

Cavalry.

Hippotoxotès

Horse archer.

Hodopoios

Pioneer. road-surveyor.

Holosidèros

Heavily armoured soldier. Greek term for cataphractus  or clibanarius .

Honesta missio

Honourable discharge.

Honesta missio ex causa

Honourable discharge granted to wounded or sick soldiers.

Hoplomachia

Weapons training.

Hoplon

Weapon.

Hoplitès

Heavy armed soldier.

Hoplitikon

The heavy armed. Greek equivalent of gravis armatura .

Horrea

Granaries.

Hospitalitas

'Hospitality'. quartering and provisioning arrangements.

Hospitium

Forced billeting.

Hostis

Enemy.

Hyparchos

Officer.

Hypaspistès

Guard soldier.

Hypèretès

Staff officer.

Hyssos

Spear. Greek equivalent for pilum .

A B C D E F G H I J KL M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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