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Glossary of military terms - G

A B C D E F G H I J KL M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Gaesum

Spear.

Gaesatus

Spearman. Celtic mercenary.

Galea

Helmet.

Galearius

Military servant.

Gastrapheta

'Belly bow'. heavy crossbow / light torsion gun.

Gastraphetès

'Belly bow'. heavy crossbow / light torsion gun.

Gemina

Twin.

Geminensis

Soldier belonging to a unit named Gemina .

Gentilis

Foreigner. barbarian.

Germanicianus

Soldier belonging to the provincial armies of Germania Superior  and Germania Inferior .

Germanus custos corporis

German bodyguard of Julio-Claudian dynasty.

Gladiator

Swordfighter.

Gladius

General term for sword, NOT necessarily a shortsword.

Gladius Hispanicus

'Spanish sword'. double edged cut-and-thrust weapon with a tapering blade and a point suited for ripping open mail armour.

Gladius Hispaniensis

'Spanish sword'. double edged cut-and-thrust weapon with a tapering blade and a point suited for ripping open mail armour.

Gladius pugnatorius

Fighting - or combat sword. ie not a training weapon.

Glans

Slingshot.

Globus

A - fast moving unit.
B - square.

Gorytos

Quiver.

Gradus

A - marching pace.
B - military rank.

Gradus deiectio

Reduction in military rank.

Gradus militaris

Measured military marching pace.

Gradus plenus

Full step. more relaxed step better suited for marching.

Gravis armatura

Heavy armed.

Gregalis

Private. common soldier.

Gregarius

Private. ranker.

Groma

Surveying instrument.

Grosphomachos

Javelineer. legionary skirmisher.

Grosphos

Javelin.

Gubernator

Helmsman.

A B C D E F G H I J KL M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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